FLOREST SIGHT AT A GLANCE
Flores (Portuguese for “flowers”) is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands
, an island arc with an estimated area of 14,300 km² extending east from the Java island
of Indonesia. The population is estimated to be around 1.5 million, and the largest town is Maumere
Flores is located east of Sumbawa and Komodo and west of Lembata and the Alor Archipelago. To the southeast is Timor. To the south, across the Sumba strait, is Sumba and to the north, beyond the Flores Sea, is Sulawesi.
Flores is part of the East Nusa Tenggara province. The island is split into five regencies (local government districts); from west to east these are: Manggarai, Ngada, Ende, Sikka and Flores Timur.
Flores has several active and dormant volcanoes, including Egon, Ilimuda, Leroboleng, and Lewotobi (see the full list).
Flora and fauna
The west coast of Flores is one of the few places, aside from the island of Komodo itself, where the Komodo dragon can be found in the wild. The Flores Giant Rat is also endemic to the Island. In September 2003, at Liang Bua Cave in western Flores, paleoanthropologists discovered skeletons of a previously unknown hominid species. Homo floresiensis, affectionately termed hobbits after the small characters in the Lord of the Rings, appear to be miniaturized versions of Homo erectus standing about one metre tall. They may have existed until as recently as 11,000 BC.
Local reports of elf-like people, the Ebu Gogo, or the Orang Pendek of Sumatra, have caused speculation that Flores man
may have survived into the historical period, or even to the present. The discovery has been published in the October 28, 2004, issue of Nature magazine and the April 2005 issue of the National Geographic Magazine. However, on August 21, 2006, the National Geographic Newsletter published an article reporting that several scientists now believe that the remains discovered in 2004 were not of a different species but were pygmies. Flores was also a habitat of the extinct Stegodon dwarf elephant until approximately 18,000 years ago. It also was the habitat of species of giant rodents. It is speculated by scientists that limited resources drove the few species that lived upon the island to gigantism and dwarfism.
There are many languages spoken on the island of Flores, all of them belonging to the Austronesian family. In the centre of the island in the districts of Ngada and Ende there is what is variously called the Central Flores Dialect Chain or the Central Flores Linkage. Within this area there are slight linguistic differences in almost every village. At least six separate languages are identifiable. These are from west to east: Ngadha, Nage, Keo, Ende, Lio and Palu’e, which is spoken on the island with the same name of the north coast of Flores. Locals would probably also add So’a and Bajawa to this list, which anthropologists have labeled dialects of Ngadha.
Portuguese traders and missionaries came to Flores in the 16th century, mainly to Larantuka and Sikka. Their influence is still discernible in Sikka’s language and culture.
Flores is almost entirely Catholic and represents one of the “religious borders” created by the Catholic expansion in the Pacific and the spread of Islam from the west across Indonesia. In other places in Indonesia, such as in the Malukus and Sulawesi, the divide is more rigid and has been the source of bloody sectarian clashes.
The most famous tourist attraction in Flores is Kelimutu; three coloured lakes in the district of Ende. These coloured lakes change colours on a regular basis. The latest colours (late 2004) were said to be turquoise, brown and black.
There is good snorkelling and diving on several locations along the north coast of Flores, most notably Maumere and Riung. However, due to the destructive practice of local fishermen using bombs to fish, and locals selling shells to tourists, combined with the after effects of a devastating tsunami in 1992, the reefs have slowly been destroyed.
Labuanbajo (on the western tip of Flores) is a town often used by tourists, from where they can visit Komodo and Rinca. Labuanbajo also attracts scuba divers, as whale sharks inhabit the waters around Labuanbajo.
Tourists can visit Luba and Bena villages to see traditional houses in Flores. Larantuka, on the isle’s eastern end, is known for its Holy Week festivals.
KELIMUTU THE MAGNIFCIENT COLOUR LAKE
Kelimutu is a volcano, close to the town of Moni in central Flores Island of Indonesia containing three summit crater lakes of varying colors. Tiwu Ata Mbupu (Lake of Old People) is usually blue and is the westernmost of the three lakes. The other two lakes, Tiwu Nuwa Muri Koo Fai (Lake of Young Men and Maidens) and Tiwu Ata Polo (Bewitched or Enchanted Lake) are separated by a shared crater wall and are typically green or red in color, respectively. The lake colors do vary on a periodic basis. Subaqueous fumaroles are the probable cause of active upwelling that occurs at the two eastern lakes.
The lake have been a source of minor phreatic eruptions in historical time. The summit of the compound 1639-m-high Kelimutu volcano is elongated two km in a WNW-ESE direction; the older cones of Kelido and Kelibara are located respectively three km to the north and two km to the south. The scenic lakes are a popular tourist destination. Keli Mutu is also of interest to geologists because the three lakes are different colors yet reside at the crest of the same volcano.
The closest airports are Maumere, and Ende. There are regular flights to Maumere from Bali.
The drive from Maumere to Moni, the town at the base of Keli Mutu, takes about 3 hours OR
FLORES KALIMUTU – KOMODO 8D/7N
Day 1: ARRIVAL MAUMERE – MONI (L-D)
On arrival in Maumere pick you up at Waeoti airport then transfer to the local restaurant for lunch, afterward drive up to Moni for 95 km (4 hours) with several stop in Paga beach, Jupu village – to see the traditional house of Lio’s tribe and pay a call to comprehend the daily life of the local people., late afternoon arrival in Moni directly check in at Flores Sare.
Day 2: MONI – KELIMUTU – RIUNG (B-L-D)
After an early in the morning at 04.30 am, drive up to kelimutu volcano to see the three colored lakes, after admiring the nature wonder returned to the hotel, then drive to Riung with photos stop at Nduaria fruit market, Detusoko to enjoy the picturesque area, lunch will be served at local restaurant in Ende, continued to Penggajawa – the blue stones beach, photos stop should be made en route, on arrival in Riung then check in at Pondok SVD.
Day 3: RIUNG – BAJAWA (B-L-D)
Riung is a Nature Conservation Park, mainly to protect under the water ecosystem. Take a chance to explore the islands nearby – known for the beautiful coral garden with its beautiful white sandy beach. There is also an island with unspoiled mangrove forest inhabited by thousands of huge fruit eating bats. Picnic lunch will be provided. Afternoon proceed drive Mengeruda – the Hot Spring to dip in for relaxation
Day 4: BAJAWA – RUTENG (B-L-D)
Ngada is the capital of Bajawa and it’s very famously with Ethnic group villages and decorated by megalithic stones, one of them Bena village – stroll over to see the family traditional houses, afterward drive to Ruteng with photos stop in Aimere village to see the local people fermented to make “Arak” continued to Ranamese – a crater lake located in cloud forest, next proceed to Ruteng directly check in at Dahlia hotel.
Day 5: RUTENG – LABUAN BAJO (B-L-D)
Breakfast at hotel then visit the daily local market of Ruteng, afterward drive to Cara village – the Spider web rice field, lunch will be serve continued to Mello to view the beautiful panorama, afternoon arrival in Labuan Bajo then check in at Golo Hilltop for accommodation and dinner
Day 6: LABUAN BAJO – RINCA – KALONG ISLAND (B-L-D)
Transfer to the harbor then aboard sail for approx 2 hours to Rinca island, on arrival trekking for 2 km through on beautiful landscape to see the activities of Komodo dragon and another wild animal, then freshen up your body by swimming and snorkeling in Kambing island, late afternoon proceed to Kalong in Komodo island to see thousand of Bats flying out from their nest, meals and over night on board.
Day 7: KALONG – KOMODO – LABUAN BAJO (B-L-D)
Breakfast on Board, then hiking to Banuggulung to see the activities of Komodo dragons and another wild animal, afterward sail Pink colored beach which’s beautiful coral reef for snorkeling and swimming, continued sail to Bidadari island for a beach activities, afterward to Labuan Bajo, dinner and overnight stay at Golo Hilltop.
Day 8: LABUAN BAJO – DENPASAR (B)
Breakfast at hotel, at 09.00 am visit the local market, continued to Batu Cermin cave before transferring to the Airport for your flight back to Bali.
– Any tour should be looked a latest 2 weeks in advance
– For every package tours is reserved should make a down payment
– 50% cancellation fee if made within 24 hours
– Children under 12 years 50% off.
– Full payment will be paid be for starting the program
Including In Price
– All tours & transfer
– Full board meals, Private Boat
– Ac Car, L-300, ELF, Bus
– Donation & Entrance fees
– English Speaking Guide Personal &
– Entrance ticket, Ranger & Retribution’s fees
– Accommodation in twin sharing Bed
Excluding in price
– Conservation fund USD 15 / Person
– Domestic air ticket
– Travel insurance
– other expenses such as tip, laundry and bar